Her rheumatologist instructed her to undergo a baseline ocular examination prior to initiating Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine, Sanofi-Aventis) therapy. Toxic maculopathy associated with chloroquine use was first documented in the literature five decades ago.1 In the United States, Plaquenil––an analog to chloroquine––is used to treat a variety of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and several distinct inflammatory disorders. Although the incidence of macular toxicity is infrequent with Plaquenil use (at a dosage of 200mg or 400mg q.d.), its visual impact can be devastating. Toxicity of hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil information sheet How much is chloroquine And screening tests, but that screening begins after one year of therapy for all patients on chloroquine. Screening may be best incorporated into the hospital eye service via virtual clinics. The results of screening should be communicated back to the prescribing doctor, patient and GP as normal, possible or definite hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. Newer guidelines state that daily dose 5mg/kg of real weight/day can lead to toxicity. Retinal toxicity is irreversible and can progress after cessation of hydroxychloroquine, thus early screening is important to limit potential vision loss. Baseline screening and annual screening after five years is recommended. Abstract. Background The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations on screening for chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy are revised in light of new information about the prevalence of toxicity, risk factors, fundus distribution, and effectiveness of screening tools. Pattern of Retinopathy Although the locus of toxic damage is parafoveal in many eyes, Asian. Initially, central visual acuity may be unaffected, but the patient may notice related paracentral scotomas that often interfere with reading. The associated classic retinal toxicity is described as a bull’s eye maculopathy (ring of depigmented retinal pigment epithelium that spares the foveal area). Plaquenil screening guidelines asian Despite Plaquenil dosing recommendations, retinal toxicity., Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity and. Plaquenil and neuropathyChloroquine acidic environmentPlaquenil dosage mg kgHydroxychloroquine skin darkeningPlaquenil mechanism of action Ahn SJ, Joung J, Lim HW, Lee BR. Optical Coherence Tomography Protocols for Screening of Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy in Asian Patients. Am J Ophthalmol. 2017 Sep 27. Guideline AAO Quality of Care Secretariat, Hoskins Center for Quality Eye Care. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy - 2016. Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity Workup Approach.. Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and.. New Plaquenil Guidelines. New Screening Guidelines for Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity Experts explain their role in clinical practice. Stephen G. Schwartz, MD, MBA • William F. Mieler, MD. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, Sanofi-Aventis remains widely used in the treatment of various rheumatologic disorders. Previous 30 recommendations by the AAO to limit HCQ dosing to 6.5 mg/kg of ideal body weight have been 31 revised to 5 mg/kg of actual body weight 5. Some authors recommend 6.5 mg/kg of actual 32 body weight with a cap at 400 mg per day and further adjustments for renal insufficiency 10. Screening schedule. Most screening guidelines recommend screening for HCQ/CQ retinopathy after 5 years of drug therapy with annual screening. Baseline evaluation, in some form, is widely.