Kinetics of chloroquine

Discussion in 'Generic Chloroquine Online' started by popru, 12-Mar-2020.

  1. Sir-MAI Guest

    Kinetics of chloroquine


    -Suppressive therapy should continue for 8 weeks after leaving the endemic area. Approved indication: For the suppressive treatment of malaria due to Plasmodium vivax, P malariae, P ovale, and susceptible strains of P falciparum CDC Recommendations: 300 mg base (500 mg salt) orally once a week Comments: -For prophylaxis only in areas with chloroquine-sensitive malaria -Prophylaxis should start 1 to 2 weeks before travel to malarious areas; should continue weekly (same day each week) while in malarious areas and for 4 weeks after leaving such areas.

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    The kinetics of uptake of chloroquine into isolated rat hepatocytes were studied to further investigate whether they are consistent with accumulation of chloroquine at therapeutic concentrations that is predominantly due to lysosomal trapping. Chloroquine is extensively distributed with an enormous total apparent volume of distribution Vd more than 100 L/kg, and a terminal elimination half-life of 1 to 2 months. As a consequence, distribution rather than elimination processes determine the blood concentration profile of chloroquine in patients with acute malaria. Before the administration of chloroquine, the patient had only a mild skin erythema in the irradiated area, which was consistent with the radiotherapy dose she had received. On day 3 of chloroquine therapy, she developed localized brisk bullous eruptions in the irradiated area, which developed into a patch of fulminant moist desquamation.

    Approved indication: For acute attacks of malaria due to P vivax, P malariae, P ovale, and susceptible strains of P falciparum CDC Recommendations: Chloroquine-sensitive uncomplicated malaria (Plasmodium species or species not identified): 600 mg base (1 g salt) orally at once, followed by 300 mg base (500 mg salt) orally at 6, 24, and 48 hours Total dose: 1.5 g base (2.5 g salt) Comments: -For the treatment of uncomplicated malaria due to chloroquine-sensitive P vivax or P ovale, concomitant treatment with primaquine phosphate is recommended. 60 kg or more: 1 g chloroquine phosphate (600 mg base) orally as an initial dose, followed by 500 mg chloroquine phosphate (300 mg base) orally after 6 to 8 hours, then 500 mg chloroquine phosphate (300 mg base) orally once a day on the next 2 consecutive days Total dose: 2.5 g chloroquine phosphate (1.5 g base) in 3 days Less than 60 kg: First dose: 16.7 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (10 mg base/kg) orally Second dose (6 hours after first dose): 8.3 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (5 mg base/kg) orally Third dose (24 hours after first dose): 8.3 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (5 mg base/kg) orally Fourth dose (36 hours after first dose): 8.3 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (5 mg base/kg) orally Total dose: 41.7 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (25 mg base/kg) in 3 days Comments: -Concomitant therapy with an 8-aminoquinoline compound is necessary for radical cure of malaria due to P vivax and P malariae.

    Kinetics of chloroquine

    Medicines for the Prevention of Malaria While Traveling., Pharmacokinetics of Quinine, Chloroquine and Amodiaquine.

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  5. Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication.

    • Chloroquine - Wikipedia.
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    • Pharmacokinetics of Chloroquine and Some of Its Metabolites..

    This paper presents the current state of knowledge on chloroquine disposition, with special emphasis on stereoselectivity and microsomal metabolism. In addition, the impact of the patient’s physiopathological status and ethnic origin on chloroquine pharmacokinetics is discussed. In humans, chloroquine concentrations decline multiexponentially. The drug is extensively distributed, with a. Chloroquine is a 4-aminoquinoline with antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, and potential chemosensitization and radiosensitization activities. Although the mechanism is not well understood, chloroquine is shown to inhibit the parasitic enzyme heme polymerase that converts the toxic heme into non-toxic hemazoin, thereby resulting in the accumulation of toxic heme within the parasite. Chloroquine is rapidly and almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, and only a small proportion of the administered dose is found in the stools. Approximately 55% of the drug in the plasma is bound to nondiffusible plasma constituents. Excretion of chloroquine is quite slow, but is increased by acidification of the urine.

     
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    Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Side Effects & Dosage for. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is a drug that is classified as an anti-malarial drug. Plaquenil is prescribed for the treatment or prevention of malaria. It is also prescribed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and the side effects of lupus such as hair loss, joint pain, and more.

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